Neco Agricultural science Answers 2022

Neco Agricultural science Answers 2022

Here is the Neco Agricultural science Answers 2022



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INSTRUCTIONS: Answer At least One (1) Question From Each Section. One (1) Question Each From SECTION A,B,C,D & E



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Sandy Soil.



Clay Soil.


Clay/Loamy Soil.


Loamy Soil.


(i) Tillage Practices.

(ii) Deforestation.

(iii) Overgrazing.

(iv) Bush Burning.


(i) Carbondioxide is lost in the atmosphere mainly by photosynthesis during which plants use it to manufacture their own food.

(ii) By Direct air Capture.

(iii) Carbon mineralization.


(i) It makes the farm more prone to hazard lds, e.g. falling into an open drain.

(ii) It is expensive and difficult to establish.

(iii) They are prone to gully erosion.

(iv) They hinder the passage of machine like tractor.

(v) It occupies good land (space) that could have been used for planting.





(i) Forest Regulation.

(ii) Selective Exploration.

(iii) Deforestation.

(iv) Regeneration.

(v) Afforestation.



(i) The chemical used may be toxic to man and domestic animals.

(ii) Pests and diseases may develop resistance yo chemicals.

(iii) Empty containers could be a source of poisoning when used as containers for consumables.

(iv) Some beneficial insects and soil organisms may not be destroyed.


Cocoa is a humid tropical crop. Grows best in areas with 1140mm – 2000mm annual rainfall, well distributed most of the year. Temperature requirements not below 17°C.


(i) By Seeds.

(ii) By Budding.

(iii) By Stem Cutting.


Nursery is done October to January. Field (transplanting) between April and June.


20cm X 20cm.



(i) Breaking of Pods.

(ii) Fermentation.

(iii) Drying.

(iv) Storage.



(i) Reduce land value.

(ii) Reduce the quality of crop products.

(iii) Increased cost of harvesting.

(iv) Weeds cause losses in crop yields.

(v) Certain weeds are poisonous and hence kill animals that feed on them.




(i) To increase resistance to diseases.

(ii) To increase resistance to pests.

(iii) To meet the needs of growers.

(iv) To improve the quality of produce.

(v) To increase yield.



(i) Persistence.

(ii) Aggressiveness.

(iii) Resistance im Trampling.

(iv) Resistance in Drought.

(v) Pests and Diseases.

(vi) Accurate Stocking.



(i) Established private horticulture gardens.

(ii) Higher institutions’ botanical garden.

(iii) Private houses and offices.

(iv) Resort or Recreational centers.



(i) Provision of Shade.

(ii) Regular Watering.

(iii) Regular Weeding.

(iv) Regular Pruning.

(v) Fencing.


Fungus (Phytophthora spp)



(i) Rotten of the bark near the ground.

(ii) Drying and cracking of bark.


(i) By Air.

(ii) Through the soil.



(i) Use resistant varieties.

(ii) Spray with appropriate fungicides.

(iii) Paint the trunk with crude cabolic and water.




(i) Prophylactic application of Anticoccidials

(ii) Vaccine

(iii) Poultry house management


(i) Dental Disease: Rabbits with dental disease will often drool, stop eating, stop passing stool, and develop secondary GI stasis.

(ii) Uterine Tumors: Un-spayed female rabbits often initially develop benign changes in their uterine endometrium (lining) that progress to malignant cancer over time.

(iii) Respiratory Tract Infections: Rabbits are obligatory nasal breathers, meaning they must breathe through their noses and cannot breathe well through their mouths. They commonly get respiratory tract infections that can affect both their upper airways (nose and trachea) and lower airways (lungs).


(i) There is no need of maintenance of breeding bull for a herd; hence the cost of maintenance of breeding bull is saved.

(ii) It prevents the spread of certain diseases and sterility due to genital diseases’: contagious abortion, vibriosis.

(iii) By regular examination of semen after collection and frequent checking on fertility make, early detection of interior males and better breeding efficiency is ensured.


(i) Deweeding of the pond

(ii) Regular feeding.

(iii) Constant supply of water.

(iv) Regular harvesting of matured fish.





(i) It helps the entrepreneur to determine the best proportion to combine the various factors of production.

(ii) It enables him to determine the wages he will pay to his workers.

(iii) It enables him to minimise cost and avoid wastage of resources in order to make profit.



(i) Central Banks

(ii) Commercial Banks

(iii) Acceptance Houses

(iv) Nonbank financial institutions

(v) Bill Brokers

(vi) fund managers

(vii) institutional investors



(i) Skilled personnel, at both the managerial and operational levels, are scare.

(ii) Lack of adequate information. Farmers need to be convicted to the benefits of insurance before they accept it.

(iii) Uncertainty of weather conditions.

(iv) Some losses due to natural disaster which is known as an act.

(v) Reinsurance for agricultural risks is not easily available.


(i) To increase food production.

(ii) To popularise agriculture.



(i) To encourage large-scale farming.

(ii) To establish River Basin Authorities to boost the supply of water for irrigation purposes.


(i) To stimulate small rural farmers to increase their productivity and improve their standard of living.

(ii) To check land tenure system



(i) It gives and obtains information that with be useful to farmers and/or researchers.

(ii) It can only work for small group of farmers.

(iii) More attention is given to the individual farmers than any other method.

(iv) It may involve the use of telephone which makes information dissemination faster.


(i) Poor Management:

The senior officials of these cooperatives on the average lack business experience. Their managerial skills are low and thus reduces the efficiency of the cooperatives.

(ii) Illiteracy: These societies are usually made up of ordinary people who want to get better deals. The members are mostly illiterates and create so many problems for the societies without even realising it.

(iii) Lack of Cooperation: Since the members are made up of people from different backgrounds and with different experiences, there is usually a lack of cooperation since people have different views of things.



(i) Organisational Ability

(ii) Clear Judgement

(iii) Initiative

(iv) Excellent public speaking skills



(i) Farm Gate

(ii) Wholesale Markets

(iii) Retail Markets

(iv) Distributors


(i) SALES ACCOUNT: It is also called sales and receipt account. It shows the details of farm produce sold (type of produce, quantity, date sold, to whom, and at what price)

(ii) PURCHASE ACCOUNT: It is also known as purchase and expenses account. It shows in details, all items purchased and used during the production period. The detail includes inputs name, date purchased, quantity, cost per unit and from whom.

(iii) FARM VALUATION: Farm valuation is carried out in order to get a time value of the farm. It involves the complete listing of assets and their values. Farm valuation carried out at the beginning is called opening valuation while that carried at the end is known as closing valuation. Every valuation must be based on the market value or production cost. The value of each item in stock is estimated. Changes in the value of the farm should be included to get the true value of the farm profit and loss

(iv) CASH ANALYSIS ACCOUNT: It shows the income and expenditure of a farm over a given period of time. In preparing this account, sales and receipts are recorded on the debit side(containing columns for date, name, and details or particulars) while purchases and payment are entered on the credit side(purchase and expenses).



We gat you always.

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