Here is the waec agricultural answers 2021, we will be publishing the waec agricultural answers for 2021 on this page.


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(i) TIME

(i) It determines whether or not the soil is well developed

(ii) It takes shorter time in the formation of immature soil

(iii) It also takes a long time for plant to decay and become part of the soil


(i) It provides water for hydrolysis

(ii) It helps to break down some parent rocks to form soil

(iii) It enhances vegetative growth of plants whose roots cause further breakdown


(i) They constitute major materials from which soil is formed

(ii) It determines the chemical composition of the soil formed

(iii) It’s hardness affects the rate of soil formation


(i) Non-uniform of crops

(ii) Most exhaustive crops should be followed by less exhaustive e

(iii) Deep rooted crops should be succeeded by shallow rooted crops

(iv) Leguminous crops should be grown after non-leguminous crops



(i) It serves as cover crops

(ii) It serves as food for livestock

(iii) It is used as green manure

(iv) It helps to prevent erosion

(v) It is used for roofing farmstead




Principles of Crop Rotation


1. The crops with tap roots should be followed by those with fibrous root system. This helps in proper and uniform use of nutrients from the soil.

2. The leguminous crops should be grown after non-leguminous crops. Legumes fix atmosphericnitrogen inthe soil and add moreorganic matter to the soil.

3. More exhaustive crops should be followed by less exhaustive crops.

4. The crop of the same family should not be grown in succession because they act like alternate hosts for pests and diseases.

5. An ideal crop rotation is one whichprovides maximum employment to the familyand farm labour,farm machineriesand equipments are efficiently used.

6. Selection of the crop should be demand based.

7. The selection of crops should be problem based.

8. The selection of crops should suit to the farmer’s financial conditions.

9. The crops selected should also suit to the soil and climate conditions.


Pasture is land used for grazing. Pasture lands in the narrow sense are enclosed tracts of farmland, grazed by domesticated livestock, such as horses, cattle, sheep, or swine.



(i) It optimizes the balance of vegetative and reproductive growth

(ii) It increases the efficacy of fertilization and pest control

(iii) It helps in prevention and treatment of disease.

(iv) It reduces risk of failure from dead or weak branches




(i) To increase the total and head yield of the paddy

(ii) To prevent the loss of nutrients during milling

(iii) To salvage wet or damaged paddy

(iv) To prepare the rice according to the requirements of consumers



(i) By use of chemicals such as herbicides

(ii) By weeding

(iii) By cultural practices

(iv) By use of good tillage operation

(vi) Use of resistance varieties



(i) They are used to enhance the beauty of a garden or home.

(ii) They are grown for food. Some chilies are grown as ornamental plants. An example is capsicums.

(iii) Some ornamentals can be used for medicinal purposes.Example of ornamental herbs are rosemary, mexican marigold and lemon grass.

(iv) They absorb carbon dioxide from the air and output oxygen thereby creating cleaner air.

(v) Fallen leaves of ornamental plants makes good mulch and compost.

(i) Individual method
(ii) Group method
(iii) Mass media

Individual method

(i) It gives the poultry farmers proper understanding of the disease.
(ii) It will enhance practising

(i) Inability to reach many poultry farmers
(ii) It is a time consuming method
(iii) It may be very expensive

(i) Inadequate farm input
(ii) Inadequate fund
(iii) Inadequate skilled labour
(iv) Problem of distribution
(v) Inadequate farm machines

(i) Red Sokoto
(ii) West African dwarf
(iii) Sahel
(iv) Nigerian dwarf goat

We gat you always.


One Response

  1. Passiano September 23, 2021

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