Waec Gce civic education questions and answers 2022

Waec Gce civic education questions and answers 2022

Here on this post is the Waec Gce civic education questions and answers 2022




Citizenship education is a process or an act involving the acquisition of knowledge and development of skills, attitudes and values in the conduct of the affairs in a state or nation, with the intention of enabling the youths to function effectively as citizens of the state at different levels which includes the state level, national level and international level.


(i) It Enhances Human Development:

Citizenship education inculcates in the youths and citizens that they hold the key to a better future by enlightening them on the significance of contributing their quota to issues of national significance that would lead to national development.

(ii) It Fosters Political Socialization:

Citizenship education perpetuates values that help shape the minds of citizens on who they are and how they should behave in the political and economic institutions in which they live.

(iii) It Ensures Political Stability:

Citizenship education inculcates in citizens especially the younger ones the political norms and values of the society and the need to avoid political apathy.

(iv) It Promotes Good Governance:

The issue of bad governance is a cause for worry in Nigeria and as such the citizens of the country suffer greatly from this problem.

*Definitions of Civil Society*

Is Defined as wide array of non-governmental and not-for-profit organizations that have a presence in public life, expressing the interests and values of their members or others

An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.

(i) Accommodating;
This method of conflict resolution, also known as smoothing, involves one community acquiescing, giving the opposing community exactly what it needs to resolve the problem.

(ii) Avoiding;
There are situations in which avoiding conflict can be an appropriate response, such as when there is no clear solution or an opposing community needs time to calm down before confrontation.

(iii) Compromising;
Compromising seeks a mutual agreement to settle a rift. Both communities willingly forfeit some of their conditions in the interest of reaching an agreement. This can be a quick way to resolve a rift without it becoming a bigger issue.

(iv) Collaborating;
Collaboration involves working with the other party to find a mutually agreeable solution to a problem. Each community may work together to negotiate contract terms until both communities find it agreeable.

(7a) .

i. Voter’s Card: One who wants to participate in Nigeria voting during elections must have a valid voter’s Card.

ii. Citizenship: to qualify to vote in any election in Nigeria, the voter must be a Nigerian citizen by birth.

iii. Age– the age requirement to qualify as a voter must be met.

iv. Party: One who wishes to vote must have a particular political party he/she supports or belongs to


Civil society is a non-governmental organization formed for the purposes of promoting and protecting the interest of generality of the people as well as mobilizing them for participation in the governance and development of the society.


(i)Voting: In a democracy, voting is the single most important form of political participation that a person can take part in because it ensures that politicians are elected by the people, rather than being assigned to their position of power by someone else.

(ii)Protest: Whether or not it is a constitutional right, as it is in the Nigeria. public protests are another important form of political participation because you are making your opinions known in a very obvious way, with the hope that your actions will influence or initiate change in a particular area of politics.

(iii)Public consultations: Like voting, public consultations (which are more commonly known as town hall meetings) offer ordinary citizens the chance to get together in a group with a politician or elected official in order to make their opinions and feelings known.

(iv)Jury duty: Although most people shudder at the thought of having to attend jury duty, it is an important type of political participation because it ensures that people who are charged with a crime are judged by people like them, rather than allowing the outcome to depend entirely on a single person, such as a judge.

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