Here is the waec geography answers 2021, enjoy




A settlement is a place where people live but it also includes the people who live there, the buildings, the roads, streets and pathways which link up the buildings in the settlement and through which the people communicate.


(i) Towns

(ii) Cities


(i) Urban settlement depends on the rural settlement for food grains

(ii) Urban settlement depends on the rural settlement for water supply

(iii) Urban settlement depends on the rural settlement for waste disposal recreational value

(iv) Urban settlement depends on the rural settlement for the growth of their settlements

(v) Urban settlement depends on the rural settlement for agricultural raw materials



(i)Urban settlements provides industrial goods, social and utility services

(ii) Urban settlements serves as centres of innovation and commercial purposes

(iii) Urban settlements provides employment opportunities.

(Number 6(ai)

Lagos, Lagos.

Kano, Kano.

Ibadan, Oyo.

Benin City, Edo.

Port Harcourt, Rivers.

Jos, Plateau.

Ilorin, Kwara.

Abuja, FCT.


Tourism is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon which entails the movement of people to countries or places outside their usual environment for personal or business/professional purposes.


settlement is a grouping of people, their buildings and transport systems that function together on a daily basis.


*?Pick any two*

I) megalopolis

II) conurbation

IV) metropolis

V) city

VI) town

*(NUMBER 3)*


Tourism is the practice of travelling for pleasure or the business of offering information,accommodations,transportation and other services to tourists. In order words,tourism is the practice which involves the visiting of people to places of interest where they can relax,derive pleasure and entertainment.


*(Pick Any Five)*

(i)Favourable climate: For tourism to strive, the climate of the environment must be favourable so that tourists can relax and enjoy themselves.

(ii)Fine beaches: In Nigeria, there exist beautiful beaches along the coast. Such beautiful beaches include the Bar beach, Lekki and Badagry beaches.

(iii)Wild life: In Nigeria, there also exist beautiful wide life or game reserves such as Yankari and Borgu Game Reserves.

(iv)Effective publicity: For tourism to strive in Nigeria, there must be enough publicity to create awareness for the tourists on possible areas of attraction.

(v)Beautiful scenery: For tourism to grow, there must be natural and man made scenery where people can relax and entertain themselves.

(vi)Good transport network or communication: There must be good transportation system who will promote the movement of tourists without any obstructions. Vehicles and good roads are key to good tourism.


*(Pick Any Four)*

(i)Inadequate funding: In Nigeria, the tourism industry is poorly funded. Poor funding has led to the poor development of the sub-sector.

(ii)lack of access roads: In Nigeria, there is basically lack of access roads to most resort centres. Many of the roads are in bad shape and this tends not to attract tourists to such centres.

(iii)Poor publicity: Lack of effective publicity or communication system for publicizing the scenery, wildlife and cultural attractions to visitors is a big problem in the country.

(iv)Inadequate personnel: One of the problems of developing tourism attractions in Nigeria is the inadequacy of competent and trained tourism personnel. Very few personnel are trained and competent.

(v)lack of private investment: In Nigeria, tourism development are left in the hand of government. Government alone cannot develop tourism in Nigeria.

(vi)Inadequate infrastructure: Basic infrastructure like electricity, pipe-borne water etc are inadequate and in some areas are lacking and this tends to reduce the development of tourism in Nigeria.

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