Here is the waec gce geography questions and answers to 2020. Make sure to share, good luck.

Waec gce theory answers


1.   *Setup costs

As is the case in any business, the initial costs of setting up the industry are very high. You should, therefore, be prepared to spend in finding the location, workers, purchasing the necessary machinery and even paying the required authorities. You should also calculate the costs needed to maintain the industry before it starts generating profit.

2.   *Location of the Industry*

The location you choose for the industry should be close enough to the sources of your raw materials and also not too far from your target market. This will help in reducing the costs incurred in transport costs and also ensure that your products are still fresh when they hit the market. Ensure that there is adequate infrastructure such as good roads and rails nearby for easy mobility.

3.   *Demand for your Products*

Choosing the right product for production is the key to a successful business. Therefore, before starting the industry, ensure that you have done adequate research on the products in the market and have found a gap where which you can fill. Producing products that are already flooded in the market will only result in losses for your industry.

4.  *Good Workers and* Experienced Partners

As a small startup industry, you will need the help of other experienced industry members to help you promote your product and improve your dominance in the market. You should, therefore, ensure that you choose wisely who you’ll partner and ensure that they have a good reputation in the market and have been in the business for a long time.

5.   *Legalities and Licenses*

When starting the industry, ensure that you are aware of every authority that may be involved in the process and clear with each of them. Make sure that you have understood every law in place regarding the construction of manufacturing industries in that state or country, and that you can meet all their requirements.

*Pick any 4


(i)United States Hartsfield – Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

(ii)China Beijing Capital International Airport

(iii)United States Los Angeles International Airport.

(iv)United Arab Emirates Dubai International Airport.


(i)High Speed: It is the fast speed means of transport. Passengers and goods can be transported easily from one place to the other.

(ii)Minimum Cost: Unlike railways and road transport, there is no need to spend money on the construction of any track or road, only airports have to be constructed.

(iii)Strategic Importance: An airway has great strategic importance. It can be used for internal and external security

(iv)Easy transport of costly and light goods; It is quite convenient to send costly, light and perishable goods through air transport.


(i) rugged terrain: some terrain are rough as they undulate thereby make construction of railway difficult

(ii)steep slopes: where the gradient is steep, it is difficult for trains to climb;

(iii)soil/landslides: the land in some areas are liable to falling thereby blocking the railway;

(iv)presence of many rivers: on terrains where rivers are numerous, the cost of constructing railways is high


(i)High dependency ratio leading to low rate of savings and investment.

(ii)High population growth rate due to high birth rate and reduced death rate.

(iii)Rapid rate of urbanization due to rural-urban migration as a result of lack of social amenities in the rural areas.

(iv)High rate of unemployment as a result of lack of industries and high population growth.


(i)Abundant resources: Since the people are few in such localities, they constitute an abundance of untapped resources which could be utilized in the near future.

(ii)Ease of planning: With few people to take care of, it will be easier for government to plan for the populace.

(iii)Low environmental pollution: Since people in low population density areas are not much, then, the total quantity of waste generated is small and can be easily managed.


(i)Increase in Unemployment:

With rapid increase in low population density, the most daunting task in Nigeria is to provide employment not only to the growing labour force every year, but also to reduce the backlog of the unemployed from the previous years.

(ii)Low Quality of Life:

The rapidly growing in low population density has kept the quality of life of the majority of Indians at a very low level. In other words people lacking access to health services and safe water and the percentage of children under five who are moderately or severely underweight.

(iii)Environmental Degradation: low population density is a major source of environmental degradation in the world Population affects the environment through the use of natural resources and production of wastes.


(i) Distance from the sea

(ii) Latitude

(iii) Planetary wind and pressure belts

(iv) Altitude and relief


(i) Long and heavy rainy season: This rainy season starts in late March and continues up to the end of July. The rainiest, peak period is in June and affects most parts of southern Nigeria. More than 85% humidity and wet rainy weather in most southern parts of Nigeria is observed during this season.

(ii) Short rainy season: This rainy season is very short and can be called an “August break”. It lasts from early September to mid-October and reaches its peak period at the very end of September. The short rains are not as heavy as those seen during the long rainy season.

(iii) Wet and long rainy season: The wet season lasts from June to September during which the amount and duration of rainfall increases from the south to the north of the country. The rains during the wet season are usually heavy and short, accompanied with storms.


(i) Agricultural importance: Rain is immensely important to agriculture. Where there is a limitation in water supply the plants do not develop as they should. The water is vital for the maintenance of physiological and chemical processes that takes place within plant structures.

(ii) Source of energy: Rain facilitates electricity supply through hydropower eg Kainji Dam locatedacross the Niger River in Niger State.

(iii) Source of water for drinking: Rain is needed for drinking because it can become as a source of fresh water. Humans require water to survive, as water is needed for us to stay hydrated. Plants and animals are also heavily dependent on it to thrive and survive.








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  1. Charles Nwaorisa December 11, 2020
  2. Charles Nwaorisa December 11, 2020

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