WAEC GCE LITERATURE ANSWERS 2020
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GCE Literature obj
(1). Fofo and Odarley are street children scrounging for a living around the Agbogboloshie market area. Fofo flees one early morning to Odarley’s shack after her es-cape from the hands of the rapist, Poison. The plight of street children is highlighted during this visit. An attempt has just been made by a ‘street lord’ to rape Fofo, a fourteen-year-old homeless girl, as she sleeps in front of a provision shop in Agbogbloshie market. In her unprotected condition, she is exposed to the va-garies of the weather and the ravages of lawless men. Odarley’s shack offers only a slightly better protec-tion. The description of the shack is striking. The lack of adequate ventilation and children strewn about the single room in various states of undress, underscore the poverty, destitution and degradation which chil-dren who are forced to fend for themselves have to face. Social immorality has now become a part of the children’s lives.
The shoeshine boy and the iced wa-ter seller are fast asleep, naked. Odarley surmises that the couple had sex the night before. Indiscrimi-nate sex no longer shocks the children. Odarley is, herself, a part of the group. Thus, she conjectures that because she still has her underpants on, the shoe-shine boy had probably mistaken the iced water seller for her. The import here is that she and the shoeshine boy have had sexual encounters in the past. It is in these circumstances that Fofo comes to visit Odarley. In addition to the lack of morals already mentioned, the scene paints a vivid picture of the squalor and filth in which the children wallow during the course of thier daily lives. Odarley and Fofo ease themselves at a rubbish dump in the vicinity. They are not the only ones there. This is a popular place of convenience. Though there is mention of a public toilet, the motiva-tion to go there appears to be very low. While the “busi-ness” of easing themselves is in progress, it is learnt that Fofo is suffering from constipation, probably as a result of her having had to live only on bread and water the previous day: “Yesterday was a bad day”. This information is introduced so casually that the impres-sion is given that it is a normal occurrence. The focus here is on the deprivation of the children.
The atmosphere of insecurity in the location is also quite adequately conveyed. Macho, a street bully and petty criminal, pounces on the children as they are easing themselves, frightens them away and grabs Fofo’s plastic bag which contained all the money she made the prevoius week. In this vicinity might is right and only the strong survive. The victims cannot seek redress from the law. Strength and power reign supreme.
Points to Note:
(i) Lack of security/protection
(ii) Lack of decent accomodation
(iii) Prevalence of social immorality
(iv) Lack of convenience
(v) Prevalent lawlessness
(vi) Prevalent squalor
On his “Good Morning, Ghana” (GMO) Show, Sylv Pohoone Ms. Komame to discuss the street cluild phenomenon on a certain moming Ms. Kiamame runs a non vemmental organization which had done “a study of the phenomenon in Acer a few months before” (p. 107). Onpromptings from Sylv Po, Ms Kamme lists some of the actors contributing to the emergente of the situation as poverty, absentee fathers, ignorance, distorted beliefs and perceptions, AS well as sheer irresponsibility and misplaced priorities. She, however, admits that there are very poor parents who do not allow their children to take to the streets. Ms. Kamame expounds on the issues of absentee fathers to include not just those who run away or refuse to assume their responsibilities but also those whose perception of fatherhood
is limited to providing food, shelter and school fees. The consequence in either case is the overloading of the mother with the burden of two. When the burden becomes unbearable, she unloads i.e. she hands off the child. become tomorrow’s adults without respect for human life. with “Hallo! Hallo!” (p. 112) Sylv Po tries to make light of the hitch but the caller will not give She also implicates ignorance and attitude in the cause of the phenomenon. Many women, like Foto’s mother, continue to have more babies despite financial incapacity to take care of the ones they already have.
They are also ignorant of the opportunities available to avoid unwanted pregnancies and protection against STI’s. These women tend to prove their womanhood by the number of children they have. Girls are also pressurized to prove their womanhood regardless of whether they have the means to care for a child or not. Childless married women are frowned upon more than single unmarried mothers while a single girl above sixteen is called “man- woman” (p. 109) by the people.
To Sylv Po’s question about why, besides poverty, fathers do not care for their children, the lady notes that such men do so after abandoning their wives to marry other women and having new babies. At this point, a voice barges into the programme with ‘Hallo! Hallo!’ (p. 110) Someone wants to get on to the programme before the lines are opened. The producer promptly turns off the sound of the telephone so that the programme can continue undisturbed. As the signal button light of the phone keeps flashing, showing the persistence of the caller, the producer signals Sylv Po to round of the discussion with Ms. Kamame so that the caller can be given a special consideration Ms.
Kamame illustrates men’s irresponsibility with the case of a church elder who abandons his wife and six children to marry a young woman who is a new member of his church after claiming to have seen a vision from God revealing that the six children are not his, and that the young lady is the new wife for him. In response to some other questions from the show presenter, the woman says her organization is directing awareness to women and girls who are more likely to neglect their children and make street children out of them” (p. 111).
She also points out that the phenomenon is more prevalent in cities than villages due to the contrast in social realities of the two settings. Finally, she advises people with comfortable lives to show concern in the phenomenon because its sustenance has implications for the entire society; that the street children of today would The presenter has barely finished thanking his guest when the persistent caller barges in again with “Hallo! Hallo! (P. 112) sylv po tries to make light of the hitch but the caller will not give a breathing space as he repeats his “Hallo!, Hallo!” Sylv eventually responds with “Hello!” and requests the caller to tell his or her name and where the call is coming from. She dismisses it as unimportant and is allowed to go ahead with his contribution. In substandard English, the caller rants about the station not heeding his information about the dead girl who die behind de blue Kiosk” (p. 113).
He says the girl’s name is Fati, and that “she dies because she does something bad” (p. 113). She abandoned her older husband in the village to come and marry a younger man in the city. When asked if she knew the said Fati, she dismisses it as unimportant. Asked about where she works and what she does, she also dismisses same as unimportant. Frustrated, Sylv Po asks the caller to tell what is important. The woman rambles on about seeing the dead girl, being certain it was Fati and concluding that her face was so mutilated that the mother could not have recognized the girl as her daughter.
Po’s attempt to challenge her ability to recognize a face the biological mother could not have identified suddenly invites a bang! The caller drops the line. Po announces her drop of the call but assures his audience that the last has not been heard of the case.
Bigger tolerates his family because he has to, but he does not appear especially attached or invested in them. He dangles a dead rat in his sister Vera’s face, which scares her so badly she has to lie down. Although he jumps to the rescue to kill the rat when it enters the room, eager to show his strength (and perhaps express his anger), he is generally unconcerned with his family’s well-being. His mother berates him for being unwilling to get a job to help support them, even with the threat that their government relief checks will be cut off. At the same time, she is concerned about his welfare, cooks for him, and worries that he will get in trouble, even though every conversation between the two of them verges on a fight. Bigger gets along well with his younger brother, Buddy, who idolizes and defends him, but the admiration is largely one-sided. When Bigger tells Buddy he got a job as a chauffeur driving a Buick, Buddy asks if he can ride with him, showing his desire to spend time with his older brother. Buddy sees his older brother somewhat as a father figure, as someone to emulate. When Bigger gets hired by the Daltons, Buddy secretly wishes he could find a similar job.
Diego; One of Manfred’s servants. After Isabella escapes the castle and the servants are instructed to find her, Diego is shocked to find a giant foot and leg in armor in the gallery.
Jaquez;Another of Manfred’s servants searching for Isabella throughout the castle. Though he did not see the giant leg in armor himself, he was with Diego when the latter encountered it and recounts the tale to Manfred.
In other words diego and jaquez the two of the servants in the castle working for prince manfred. They are the ones who claims to have seen giant in the house and plead with their master to have the castle exorcize because it is enchanted