(3a)

(i)ammonia (NH₃)

(ii)carbon dioxide (CO₂).

(3b)

(ii) A burette can be used.

(3c)

A fume cupboard in a laboratory is used to provide ventilation that limits exposure to toxic fumes, vapors, or dust.

*NUMBER THREE*

(3a)

(PICK TWO)

(i ) Carbon dioxide (CO2)

(ii) Ammonia (NH3)

(iii) Oxygen (O2)

(iv)Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

(3b)

(PICK TWO)

(ii) Burette

(iv) Micropipette

(3c)

Safely contain and remove harmful fumes, gases, or vapors generated during experiments, preventing their exposure to lab personnel.

(3d)

(PICK THREE)

(i) Safety goggles/glasses

(ii) Lab coat/apron

(iii) Gloves

(v) Closed-toe shoes/footwear

(vi) Ear protection (if needed for specific experiments or environments)

(3d)

(i)safety goggles.

(ii)lab coats.

(iii)gloves.

QUESTION 1

(1a)

Burette | Rough| 1st | 2nd

Final reading(cm³) | 19.00 | 18.10| 18.10|

Initial reading(cm³) | 0.00| 0.00| 0.00

Volume of A used(cm³) | 19.00| 18.10| 18.10|

Average titre = 18.10+18.10/2

= 18.10cm³

(1bi)

Conc. of B in mol/dm³ = ??

Ca = 0.200mol/dm³, Va = 18.10cm³

Na= 1, Nb = 5, Vb= 25.00cm³ , Cb= ??

CaVa/CbVb= Na/Nb

Cb = CaVaNa/VbNb

Cb= (0.200*18.10*5)/(25.0*1)

Cb= 0.724mol/dm³

(1bii)

Con. of B in g/dm³ = ??

Con.(g/dm³) = Mass*1000/volume

= 3.8*1000/250

= 15.2g/dm³

(1biii)

FeSO₄<—> Fe²⁺ + SO₄²⁻

1 mol of FeSO₄ 1mol Fe²⁺

0.724mol/dm³ xmol/dm Fe²⁺

x= 1*0.724 = 0.724mol/dm³

Mole= Con.*Vol/1000

Mole = 0.724*250/1000

Mole= 0.181mol

Mass= mole * m.m

= 0.181*56

= 10.136g

(1biv)

Percentage= 10.136*100/15.2

= 66.7%

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QUESTION 2

(2a)

When all of C is added to a test tube with about 10cm³ of distilled water and shaken, the mixture is filtered. The residue and the filtrate are obtained.

Observations:

The residue: This will contain the insoluble salt(s) present in C.

The filtrate: This will contain the soluble salt(s) present in C.

(2bi)

Heating about 2cm³ of the filtrate in a boiling tube strongly.

Observations:

If there is effervescence (bubbling), it indicates the presence of a carbonate salt in the filtrate.

The gas evolved is likely carbon dioxide (CO₂).

(2bii)

Adding dilute HCl to half of the residue in a test tube.

Observations:

If there is effervescence (bubbling), it indicates the presence of a carbonate salt in the residue.

The gas evolved is likely carbon dioxide (CO₂).

(2biii)

Observations:

If a white precipitate forms upon adding NaOH drops, and it dissolves upon excess addition of NaOH, it indicates the presence of a metal hydroxide in the solution.

(2biv)

Adding aqueous ammonia in drops, then in excess, to another 2cm³ of the clear solution from (ii).

Observations:

If a colored precipitate forms upon adding ammonia drops, and it dissolves upon excess ammonia addition, it indicates the presence of a metal hydroxide in the solution.

======================================================

QUESTION 3

(3a)

(i)ammonia (NH₃)

(ii)carbon dioxide (CO₂).

(3b)

(ii) A burette can be used.

(3c)

A fume cupboard in a laboratory is used to provide ventilation that limits exposure to toxic fumes, vapors, or dust.

(3d)

(i)safety goggles.

(ii)lab coats.

(iii)gloves.

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